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Saturday, March 3, 2012

An algebraic proof of Fermat's Little Theorem

Let $G$ be an abelian group. Define a scalar multiplication over $\mathbb{Z}$ as follows: $$n \cdot g = \underbrace{g+g+\cdots+g}_{n \ \text{times}}.$$ Note that in this case $|G| \ g=0$. ( We turned $G$ into a $\mathbb{Z}$-module. )

For primes, the multiplicative group $\mathbb{Z}_p$ is abelian, $| \mathbb{Z}_p | = p-1$ and the identity element is $1$. Let $a \in \mathbb{Z}_p$ and the multiplicative notation of $|G| \ g=0$ becomes $a^{p-1} \equiv 1 \bmod{p}$. But this is just Fermat's Little Theorem!


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(Raumpatrouille – Die phantastischen Abenteuer des Raumschiffes Orion, colloquially aka Raumpatrouille Orion was the first German science fiction television series. Its seven episodes were broadcast by ARD beginning September 17, 1966. The series has since acquired cult status in Germany. Broadcast six years before Star Trek first aired in West Germany (in 1972), it became a huge success.)