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## Monday, November 2, 2009

### Watched lecture 3 of Abstract Algebra E-222

( Off-topic: Since I am ' in between jobs ', which happens if you are a freelance IT professional and there in an economic crisis, I should be studying new Oracle features or something like that. Instead I watched another Algebra lecture, well the day is still young. )

Watched lecture 3 of Abstract Algebra E-222. ( A lecture by Peter, Gross's assistant, if he isn't a professor yet, he will be soon, I suppose. )

Review of lectures 1 and 2.
- Groups. And examples of groups GL(n,R), Sn, Z+.
- Subgroups. Cyclic subgroups.
- ( Hom(Rn, Rn) has the structure of a vectorspace. )
- All subgroups of Zn are of the form bZ. ( Emphasis on importance of proof of this proposition.)
- ( Studying the subgroup structure of a group is in general very difficult. )
- Example of a cyclic subgroup of GL(2,R). The group generated by {{1 1}, {0,1}} is {{1 n}, {0,1}} n in Z.

Example of an isomorphism.
G1 = {i, -1, -i, 1}
G2 = {(1,2,3,4}, (1,3),(2,4), (1,4,3,2), ()}
G1 and G2 are isomorphic by i -> (1,2,3,4)
( Permutations are here in cyclic notation which are not introduced in the course yet. )

Example of an isomorphism.
G1 = {R,+}
G2 = {R\{0},*}
G1 and G2 are isomorphic by f: G1->G2; x |-> e^x
Proof:
f(x+y)=e^(x+y)=e^x * e^y = f(x)*f(y).

Klein4 group.
V={() , (1,2)(3,4), (1,3)(2,4), (1,4)(2,3)} as a subgroup of S4.
V={ {{1 0}, {0,1}}, {{-1 0}, {0,1}}, {{1 0}, {0,-1}}, {{-1 0}, {0,-1}} as a subgroup of GL(2,R).

Definitions.
-Automorphism.
-Homomorphism.
-Image ( of a homomorphism)

Next lecture Gross on images of homomorphisms ( and more ).

( Thank you, Peter. )

## Welcome to The Bridge

Mathematics: is it the fabric of MEST?
This is my voyage
My continuous mission
To uncover hidden structures
To create new theorems and proofs
To boldly go where no man has gone before

(Raumpatrouille – Die phantastischen Abenteuer des Raumschiffes Orion, colloquially aka Raumpatrouille Orion was the first German science fiction television series. Its seven episodes were broadcast by ARD beginning September 17, 1966. The series has since acquired cult status in Germany. Broadcast six years before Star Trek first aired in West Germany (in 1972), it became a huge success.)