Part 1: Algebraic PreliminariesTo be continued with 2. Groups.

Chapter 1: Representations

The goal of the book is 'Mod p linear representations of Galois groups' and how these representations help to clarify the general problem of solving systems of polynomial equations with integer coefficients.

It is very important to know that a mathematical definition can redefine a commonly word used elsewhere. ( A simple group is not 'simple' but complex. A tree is a graph, a 'tree' in the forest is not. ) Sometimes an object is defined by listing its properties and following that a proof is given of the existence of such an object.

Definition: Asetis a collection of things which are the elements of the set.

Definition: Afunctionf: A-> B from a set A to a set B is a rule that assigns to each element in A an element of B.

Definition: Amorphismis a function from A to B that "captures at least part of the essential nature" of the set A in its image in B. ( Clearly "captures at least part of the essential nature" needs to be refined later. )

Definition: Arepresentationis a morphism from a source object to a standard target object.

Example 1: Take A,B and the fact that B represents A. A may be a citizen, B her state rep and X the legal fact that B represents A by voting in the legislature on her behalf. A may be a(n abstract) group, B a group of matrices, and X a morphism from A to B. The ultimate in abstraction is representing A,B as dots and X as an arrow from A to B.

Example 2: In the context of counting, given any two finite sets A and B, a morphism is a one-to-one correspondence from A to B. A representation in this case is a morphism from a given finite set to one of the sets {1}, {1,2}, {1,2,3} and so on. So a flock of three sheep has the set {1,2,3} as its target.

2-2018 Teaching by misleading

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